At the end of this essay, Schutz speculates whether the Husserlian method of freely varying examples to determine the essential features that survive through such variations is not constrained by both ontological structure e. According to him, social scientists develop constructs, ideal types, of the meaning-contexts of life-world actors, and they test these types to determine if they are causally adequate, that is Alfred schutz stranger essay to past experience, and meaning adequate, that is, consistent with whatever else is known about the actor.
Of course, by moving in this direction, he encountered the problem, faced by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Wilfrid Sellars, John McDowell, Robert Brandom, and others, namely, how it is possible to access the pre-conceptual without conceptualizing it. ParsonsThe Theory of Social Action: Schutz, usually the value-free describer of social reality, in his conclusion endorses a Alfred schutz stranger essay notion of democracy in which it is a duty and a privilege, frequently not available in non-democratic societies, for well-informed citizens to express and defend opinions that often conflict with the uninformed opinions of the man in the street.
Rather the provinces are permeable, and one adopts the attitudes of scientist or religious believer within the world of working as if it were seen through by another viewpoint, all the while that its communicative activities subtend these other provinces.
Schutz, however, contributes the unique insight that these attitudes take place within distinctive temporal frameworks, oriented toward the future or the past.
Everything which is obvious to the group could be questioned by the stranger who lacks the shared ground assumptions. Works by SchutzDer sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt: George Allen and Unwin, Herbert von Halem Verlag.
Also, before any direct encounter with American pragmatism, he developed a manuscript on personality in the social world that stressed the pragmatic elements of the everyday social world.
According to Schutz, if one of these terms fails to be satisfied that particular group will have to undergo change. Northwestern University Press, ; German edition: At the predicative level, scientific reflection further transforms nonessential types e.
In this essay, Schutz is concerned not to present a final definition of equality, but to highlight the differences between in-group and out-group understandings that serve as the preconditions of any discussion about it.
Literary Reality and Relationships, Michael D. As a result of this methodology relying on distinct ideal-types, duration began to appear as an inaccessible Ding-an-sich. This problem parallels the problem of reaching the life-form of the present unfolding of experience duration since one can only speak of it by arresting its flow, distinguishing its moments, and thus remembering what has lapsed—but then one is in the new life-form of memory.
For Schutz this is important since it justifies outside inquiries into societies, enabling to realization of things they cannot see about themselves.
They consider how subjective knowledge becomes embodied in a social stock of knowledge and how the latter influences the former. However, since all conceptualization consists in a monothetical grasping of polythetic stages, Schutz is actually realizing that certain dimensions of consciousness elude conceptualization and thus demarcating the limits of rationalization, just as he had pointed out how certain provinces of meaning e.
The former book distinguishes different sets of interests, or relevances:The Stranger: An Essay in Social Psychology Created Date: Z. Alfred Schutz, more than any other phenomenologist, attempted to relate the thought of Edmund Husserl to the social world and the social sciences. In that essay, Schutz responded to Ernest Nagel’s positivistic view that the social sciences should make use of natural scientific methods, identifying evidence with sensory observable data and.
Accordingly, Alfred Schutz’s essay, “The Stranger: An Essay in Social Psychology” (), will be referred to in the following analysis.
This essay was written soon after Schutz had immigrated to the United States and soon afterwards he went on to write “The Homecomer” (), which is similar and.
View Essay - from ANTHR at Binghamton University. The Stranger: An Essay in Social Psychology Author(s): Alfred Schuetz Source: American Journal of Sociology, Vol.
49, No. 6 (May, ). The Stranger, an Essay in Social Psychology. Alfred Schutz. C.I.R.C., - Interpersonal relations - 16 pages. 0 Reviews. What people are saying - Write a review. We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. References to this book. Sensemaking in Organizations.
16 Alfred Schutz JOCHEN DREHER The sociologist and philosopher Alfred Schutz is the major representative of a logical circles) article on "The Stranger: An Essay in Social Psychology" (Schutz  ), published in.Download