There are two disadvantages to randomizing at the district level, how- ever. For example, suppose that, following the implementation of the programs designed to support the Inspectorate of the High Council of Justice, Field visit report to a mall observe that three judges are brought up on charges of corruption.
Subsequent differ- ences between treated and untreated municipalities are likely to be due to the intervention, since other factors will be roughly balanced across the two groups of municipalities.
For example, without a control group it is impossible to know if the change in local party development is a result of a USAID intervention or another factor such as change in national party law, economic growth, or better media coverage. In each country selected, the DG staff were at the stage of developing new projects, offering an optimal opportunity to explore options for program design that may be more or less suited for various research methodologies.
The broader problem, however, is that achieving the overarching strategic objective of strengthening the rule of law will involve more than just getting legislation drafted but also getting it passed and then having it enforced.
Randomization is not feasible for many kinds of programs, and there can be a range of practical obstacles; yet these are also often surmount- able. With the exception of some activities relating to national-level poli- cies, all interventions under the program took place in seven selected sub- national regions also called departments: The trick, however, is to find appropriate measures of the outcomes that the activities are designed to affect, and this is frequently far from straightforward.
This is equally true with respect to other activities, such as technical assistance to aid the Albanian govern- ment in the establishment of a copyright office or an office of patents and trademarks.
To maximize the potential represented by these mechanisms, data col- lected should be directed toward understanding outcomes and impacts over outputs.
Experimental designs could be used to study the impact of the decentralization program, and the cost of appropriately designed experi- mental evaluations could in fact be far beneath the actual costs spent on monitoring and evaluation.
A slightly different evaluation problem arises with respect to the activi- ties designed to support the drafting of various pieces of legislation. These findings and recommendations were developed through the vetting of a variety of methodologies for assessing and evaluating democracy assistance programs.
However, measuring the degree to which the judiciary is transparent and accountable is much more difficult. Currently, as a part of ongoing DG programs, mission staff collect regular and systematic information about those who receive training through USAID-funded programs.
But knowing just how effective the activities were depends on whether there were just three corrupt judges who should have been prosecuted or whether there were, in fact, twenty, in which case prosecuting the three only scratched the surface of the problem, or whether the prosecutions might be selective with the targets chosen for political reasons.
While there is no single point at which DG programs can be most effectively designed, implemented, or evaluated, the initial stages of development and design provide the most fruitful points at which inno- vative yet feasible options may be considered.
This approach to data collection should be encouraged and expanded to complement other more rigorous methodologies described below.
Selected Designs from Peru: There is only one Inspectorate of the High Council of Justice, only one conflict of interest law being prepared, and only one National Chamber of Advocates being supported, so it is not possible to compare the impact of support for these activities both where they are and are not being supported, and certainly not across multiple units.
Improvements in program evaluation need not be expensive.
In this context, evaluating the efficacy of the resources spent on such activities may not make much sense, since the impact will only be meaningful after this initial, neces- sary foundation-building stage. However, another possibility discussed below is to implement a more complex design in which different municipalities would be randomized to receive different bundles of interventions.
By improving program evaluation, the impact of USAID programs can be more accurately assessed and documented. Some municipalities assigned to treatment may refuse to sign participation agreements or otherwise may not cooperate with the local contractor; these municipalities may be akin to noncompliers in a medical trial.Monitoring visit report template The purpose of a monitoring visit (sometimes called a supervision visit or a field visit) is to make sure that project activities are implemented the way they are described in the plan.
The visit could be done by a site manager, the owner, or. Read chapter Appendix E: Field Visit Summary Report: Over the past 25 years, the United States has made support for the spread of democracy to other natio. The "Parliamentarians in the Field“ • Produce a report by an independent rapporteur, targeting donor governments and senior World Bank management with recommendations for future action at the end of each visit Field visit executive summaries and main recommendations.
The purpose of this field visit is to observe what the system of care is like in local health facilities. You will also identify and examine possible sources of data about drug use that are available at the facility or in the setting you are visiting.Download