Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect. Despite this quantity of literature, researchers generally agree that the quality of research on child maltreatment is relatively weak in comparison to health and social science research studies in areas such as family systems and child development.
Each category covers a range of behaviors, as discussed in Chapter 2. In the past, the research agenda has been determined predominantly by pragmatic needs in the development and delivery of treatment and prevention services rather than by theoretical paradigms, a process that facilitates short-term studies of specialized research priorities but impedes the development of a well-organized, coherent body of scientific knowledge that can contribute over time to understanding fundamental principles and issues.
Research On Child Maltreatment Is Currently Undervalued And Undeveloped Research in the field of child maltreatment studies is relatively undeveloped when compared with related fields such as child development, so- Page 41 Share Cite Suggested Citation: For example, we know from epidemiologic studies of disease of cases that were derived from hospital records that, unless the phenomenon of interest always comes to a service provider for treatment, there exist undetected and untreated cases in the general population that are often quite different from those who have sought treatment.
For example, researchers who discover an undetected incident of child abuse in the course of an interview are required by state laws to disclose the identities of the victim and offender sif known, to appropriate child welfare officials. Research on general problems of violence, substance addiction, social inequality, unemployment, poor education, and the treatment of children in the social services system is incomplete without attention to child maltreatment issues.
In addressing aspects of each new revelation of abuse or each promising new intervention, research efforts often have become diffuse, fragmented, specific, and narrow. To ensure some measure of quality, the panel relied largely on studies that had been published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature.
In setting a research agenda for this field, ethnic diversity and multiple cultural perspectives are essential to improve the quality of the research program and to overcome systematic biases that have restricted its development.
The importance of the social ecological framework of the child has only recently been recognized in studies of maltreatment. But the state of research on this topic could be advanced more rapidly with increased investment of funds.
Research on child maltreatment can play a key role in informing major social policy decisions concerning the services that should be made available to children, especially children in families or neighborhoods that experience significant stress and violence. The Complexity Of Child Maltreatment Child maltreatment was originally seen in the form of "the battered child," often portrayed in terms of physical abuse.
Family functioning studies have focused predominantly on large, nonclinical populations, exploring styles of parenting and parenting practices that generate different kinds and levels of competence, mental health, and character in children.
Many observers believe that the federal government lacks leadership, funding, and an effective research program for studies on child maltreatment. For the most part, only a few studies will score well in each of the above categories.
Researchers must address ethical and legal issues that present unique obligations and dilemmas regarding selection of subjects, provision of services, and disclosure of data.
Over the past several decades, a growing number of state and federal funding programs, governmental reports, specialized journals, and research centers, as well as national and international societies and conferences, have examined various dimensions of the problem of child maltreatment.
The co-occurrence of different forms of child maltreatment has been examined only to a limited extent. Government officials, judges, legislators, social service personnel, child welfare advocates, and others make hundreds of crucial decisions each day about the lives and futures of child victims and their offenders.
Individuals making such decisions will benefit from informed guidance on the effectiveness and consequences of various social interventions that address child maltreatment.
Family sociology research has a coherent body of literature and reasonable consensus about what constitutes high-quality parenting in middle-class, predominantly White populations. Sadly, child maltreatment often involves various family members, relatives, or other individuals who reside in the homes or neighborhoods of the affected children.
In part, this slower development is influenced by the complexities of research on major social problems. Thus, the report draws out issues based on clinical studies or studies that lack sufficient control samples, but the panel refrains from drawing inferences based on this literature.
Although isolated studies of child maltreatment appeared in the medical and sociological literature in the first half of the twentieth century, the publication of "The Battered Child Syndrome" by C. For example, research that describes the conditions under which family counseling and family preservation efforts are effective has tremendous implications for the importance of attachment relationships for children and the disruption of these relationships brought on by foster care.
These four categories have become the focus of separate studies of incidence and prevalence, etiology, prevention, consequences, and treatment, with uneven development of research within each area and poor integration of knowledge across areas.
Child maltreatment is not a new problem, yet concerted service, research, and policy attention toward it is just beginning. Henry Kempe and associates is generally considered the first definitive paper in the field in the United States.
Given the early stage of development of this field of research, the panel believes that even weak studies contain some useful information, especially when they suggest clinical insights, a new perspective, or a point of departure from commonly held assumptions.
The evolving research agenda has also struggled with limitations im- Page 42 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Responses to child abuse and neglect involve a variety of social institutions, including commu- Page 45 Share Cite Suggested Citation: The act, which has been amended several times most recently inestablished a governmental program designed to guide and consolidate national and state data collection efforts regarding reports of child abuse and neglect, conduct national surveys of household violence, and sponsor research and demonstration programs to prevent, identify, and treat child abuse and neglect.
For example, studies of sexual abuse have indicated wide variations in its prevalence, often as a result of differences in the types of behavior that might be included in the definition adopted by each research investigator.
Yet information about these factors is rarely requested or recorded by social agencies or health professionals in the process of identifying or documenting reports of child maltreatment.
A coordinated approach can accommodate diverse perspectives while providing direction and guidance in establishing research priorities and synthesizing research knowledge. Efforts to improve the quality of research on any group of children are dependent on the value that society assigns to the potential inherent in young lives.
Factors such as racism, ethnic discrimination, sexism, class bias, institutional and professional jealousies, and social inequities influence the development of our national research agenda Bell,Huston, Only a few prospective studies of child maltreatment have been undertaken, and most studies rely on the use of clinical samples which may exclude important segments of the research population or adult memories.
The role of the National Center for Child Abuse and Neglect as the lead federal agency in supporting research in this field has been sharply criticized U. The literature on normal family functioning or socialization effects differs in many respects from the literature on child abuse and neglect.
Research on child maltreatment can provide empirical evidence to improve the quality of many legal and organizational decisions that have broad-based social implications.Acknowledging that sociology is a personal reflection of the sociologist creating it, the author has structured the layered account to emulate the freedom of the duree.
Journal of Social Work and Human Sexuality 4: Google Scholar, Crossref: Bagley, Christopher, and L. Young. MULTIPLE REFLECTIONS OF CHILD SEX ABUSE. “exploitation” as well as human traﬃcking, as some forms of child exploitation, such as child sexual exploitation, can also be considered to be in the same category.
Moreover, some forms of child exploitation, including child labor and pornography, can make children more vulnerable to human traﬃcking situations.
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In groups, they analyze different situations in which they identify the signs of physical and sexual abuse. As a class, they describe actions that can be taken to Get Free Access See Review Human Sexuality 7th - 8th. Sammie Artiaga 10/13/14 Williams Child 39 Child Abuse/Child Neglect Paper Child abuse is the deliberate action that is harmful to a child’s physical, emotional or sexual well-being.
A child’s well-being should never be jeopardized.Download